Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. The atmosphere is commonly bone-dry, portrayed by sweltering summers and cool winters. There are wide varieties between limits of temperature at given areas. Having little precipitation, climate is generalized as "Arid."
As stated in Islamabad Capital Territory Regulations 1992, each sector of Islamabad must have a clear strip of sufficient area for vegetation, where no construction of houses is allowed. Also, this clear strip cannot be used for commercial purposes. Hence, following this rule, NUST Main Campus has a clear space of 416,812 m2 which is solely dedicated for forest and vegetation growth. This marks 103 acres out of total 706 acres for forestation
In order to combat energy crisis, NUST is promoting different projects that includes cost effective and sustainable approach for production of bioenergy. The project, “Anaerobic Technology and Waste Treatment,” initiated in Institute of Environmental Sciences & Engineering (IESE) by Assistant Professor, Dr. Zeshan Sheikh focuses on design and operation of anaerobic reactor systems for bioenergy production, treatment of high strength wastewater, solid waste management, and treatment and climate change mitigation through organic waste management. Due to the ongoing global warming, climate of Pakistan is changing day by day since past few years. In comparison to other heat-trapping gases, carbon dioxide exerts the greatest risk to all of us and if it continues to accumulate in a likewise manner in atmosphere, life would become miserable. In order to address this issue, recently a project has been completed in Institute of Environmental Sciences & Engineering (IESE) NUST which aimed at the synthesis of fibres from bio-char which act as absorbents on billboards.
Regarding contribution to the development of sustainable technologies, NUST is already a university apart. US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E) at NUST had installed a Meteorological High Precision (MPH) Solar / Wind Measuring Station in 2016 that is capable of acquiring real time ground information and data for both the Solar Thermal and Solar Photovoltaic applications. A separate tower near USPCAS-E measures and records wind speed and direction. The Centre is committed to creating an ecosystem for addressing energy requirements by influencing policymakers; developing technologies and human resources; and mobilising communities for energy conservation.
Solar/Wind Measuring Station in USPCAS-E
Renewable energy projects based on solar energy have been initiated at the Main Campus of NUST in order to meet energy requirements from renewable sources while reducing its dependency on conventional grid energy. Recently, two solar based energy projects have been completed including 250 kVA each at the School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (SEECS) and School of Civil & Environmental Engineering (SCEE) while 12 kVA has been installed at the rooftop of US-Pakistan Center of Excellence in Energy (USPCAS-E). Total renewable energy production is 512 kVA from such renewable energy sources.
Solar Panels at USPCAS-E NUST
Solar Panels at NICE Parking Lot
Solar Panels at SEECS
Solar Panels at SEECS